All posts by Tabor Laughlin

New China Source Article

Recently I had an article on China Source.

Here’s the link, or you can read below.

Having observed the growing missions movement from China during my years in China, I was interested in the recent ChinaSource series, “Missions from China—A Maturing Movement.” Three things caught my attention in particular as I read through the articles.

The article, “Chinese Filial Responsibility and Missionary Sustainability” seems entirely accurate as to how Chinese missionaries can feel a burden concerning their relationships with family members. Because China is a collectivist culture and puts much greater emphasis on the group as a whole and particularly on unity within their families, Chinese Christians want to please their parents and grandparents. This is a legitimate factor that Western cross-cultural workers cannot fully understand because our culture is so individualistic, and we can more freely “do what we want.” This in some sense aids Western workers in that we usually do not feel as much pressure to do what our families back home want us to do, especially if that is contrary to our service on the field. But, when Chinese missionaries have family members who do not understand the purpose of missions and voice their disapproval, they feel a significantly greater pressure to please their families and not go against their wishes. As the author mentioned, this is a real factor for the Chinese missions movement.

In the article “Toward the Development of Mission-Sending Organization in China,” the author mentions the limitations of Chinese missionaries using “tent making” strategies on the field. Steve Moon—in his extensive research of the Korean missions movement—has noted that, though Korean missions organizations began implementing tent making ministry in the ’80s, as of 2012 only 7.5% of Korean missionaries used tent making ministries. According to Moon, Korean missions organizations were not successful in beginning effective and fruitful tent making ministries, so they essentially stopped using tent making as a missions strategy.[1] Are there parallels to consider as mission-sending develops in China?

The topic of financial support that is addressed in “The International Church Role in Chinese Missionary Sending, Part 2” is a sensitive topic. There are numerous churches in wealthy parts of the world who regularly send large amounts of money to help fund churches or ministries in poorer countries. The people in the wealthy countries want to help Christians around the globe. The problem though—and I have witnessed this first-hand in China—is that the believers in the poorer countries can develop a long-term dependency on the foreign churches’ funding. In this instance, usually the Christians in the richer countries are not actually benefiting the believers in the poorer countries, though their intention is to help them. It seems that with the development of the Chinese economy the last decade or so, Chinese house churches should have access to more money within their congregations. This means that Chinese house churches should have more money to allocate to support Chinese missionaries connected to their church or house church network.

It is no longer a reality that Chinese house churches are poor and are often just looking for money to pay for their next meal. Rather, most Chinese house churches now—especially those who would be involved in mobilizing Chinese missionaries—have sufficient money. Wealthier churches around the world need to allow Chinese churches to stand strong on their own, without receiving outside funding from Christians overseas. If the Chinese house churches continue to receive outside support, they will never have a sense of urgency to find money from within their congregation or house church network. Only if outside support is cut off, will Chinese churches stand firm on their own. And only then will they be able to grow in being self-sustaining and self-supporting. Chinese missionary-sending efforts similarly should aim to function apart from financial support from wealthier countries.

This series has been helpful for me in its analysis of the many relevant dynamics in the Chinese missions movement. There are many factors that legitimately affect how Chinese missionaries are sent, as well as limitations in the sending of Chinese missionaries. Through this series the reader can understand more clearly these dynamics and factors.


  1. ^ Moon, Steve Sang-Cheol. The Korean Missionary Movement : Dynamics and Trends, 1988-2013. Pasadena, CA : William Carey Library, 2016, p. 19.

Majority World Missions and Chinese Missions

This Wednesday I had a blog post go up on China Source titled ‘Majority World Missions and Chinese Missions’.

Here’s the link or view it below:

I’m praying for the Chinese missionary-sending efforts.

As I study more about “Majority World Missions,”[1] I see that it is not necessarily those majority world countries with the most Christians that send the most missionaries. Some of the top missionary-sending majority world countries over the last 40-50 years have been South Korea, Brazil, India, Nigeria, and COMIBAM[2] (in South America).

Many factors are influential in determining which countries will flourish over time in sending long-term missionaries. The South Korean church has succeeded the most during the last 30 years in sending many missionaries, to all areas of the world, who stay on the field for decades, and learn the ways of the local people. Some of the other majority world missions movements have sent many people out, but they’ve returned home quickly and without fruit. Some factors that boosted the Korean church’s sending were: huge church growth in the 60s and 70s; significant economic growth; South Korea’s good diplomatic relations with most countries around the world.

Where will the Chinese missions effort fall on the spectrum of long-term missions-sending success?

At this point, it is very hard to say. But I’m praying that the Spirit is strengthening their efforts—in the selection of candidates, the structures of sending organizations, finances, the shepherding of the missionaries, which will result in the effectiveness of those on the field reaching locals.

There are challenges to the Chinese missions movement.

One challenge is that there is no centralized Chinese missions movement. The missions-sending efforts within China are incredibly scattered. The missionaries who have been sent out from China are independent of one another. No one in or outside China knows what is actually happening with missions in other parts of China. Missions-training centers within one large Chinese city may not have any connections with other missions-training centers within the same city. So certainly there are few connections between missions efforts more broadly within China, from city to city, unless they are a part of the same house church network or a missions organization.

A main factor for this lack of connections is that house churches in China are illegal, and missions-training centers even more so. These institutions cannot have websites about what they are doing. They cannot hold large missions conferences within China. They do not have that liberty.

Another potential difficulty for Chinese missionaries is the issue of ethnocentrism. Chinese live within a mono-cultural environment. This means that most Chinese have very little cross-cultural experience. All of the people they grew up around and interact with are usually from their same people group, the majority Han. The Chinese have little experience in interacting with others who come from a significantly different background than them. South Korean missionaries have the same issue, because Korean society is also mono-cultural.

It is very likely that Chinese missionaries will face difficulties doing cross-cultural ministry on the mission field. Chinese missionary-training centers need to emphasize effective cross-cultural ministry to better prepare the Chinese missionaries.

And he [Jesus] said to them, “The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few. Therefore pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest. (Luke 10:2)


  1. ^ Other terms for “majority world missions” over the years include “Non-Western Missions,” “Third World Missions,” “Emerging Missions,” and “Two-Thirds World Missions.”
  2. ^ COngreso Misionera IBeroAMericana

One Day at a Time: Trusting God with My Incurable Disease

Yesterday I had an article posted on Desiring God: “One Day at a Time: Trusting God with My Incurable Disease”. You can read the link here or pasted below:


In middle school, my mother started having some strange symptoms following a bad car accident. She easily felt dizzy, to the point that she couldn’t drive anymore. She began losing control over her muscles. She would kick her legs around uncontrollably, and she experienced constant twitching. We knew that something was wrong, but doctors could not figure out what it was.

During my freshman year in high school, a neurologist finally suggested that she fly to California to get tested for a specific neurological disease called Huntington’s Disease (HD). My mom and dad went together. The results came in. She did have this incurable neurological disease.

God Saved Me Through Her Disease

When I heard my mom’s diagnosis, I became incredibly depressed and spent many hours each day of my freshman year of high school looking at pornography. Depressed and hopeless, I realized that I could no longer try to fight through life alone. I felt the emptiness of my life.

But at my lowest point, the Lord began to slowly awaken me. I started going with friends to a Bible study on Wednesday nights. In a way I never would have expected, the Lord was using my mom’s disease to draw me to himself.

I soon became close to the youth pastor who led the Bible study, as well as with the other high school guys who went. For the first time in my life, I started to read the Bible on my own and asked lots of questions about it. I continued for another five years, still not truly committing to the Lord. It wasn’t until I was a sophomore in college that I fully put my trust in the Lord and became a new creation.

My mom’s disease awakened me to the Lord. I can honestly say that if not for this disease in my family, I may have never come to faith in Christ. And even since turning to Christ (about fifteen years ago), I can see how the Lord has used the disease to continue to sharpen and purify my faith in him. I believe with all my heart that the Lord was sovereign over all of these things. Even something as seemingly “terrible” as an incurable disease is still ordained by our good God who works out everything for the good of those who love him (Romans 8:28).

I still remember my dad telling me that there was no cure for this disease, and that my mom would continue to get worse until she died. That’s what happened. During high school she was having too much trouble staying with us at home, so we moved her into an assisted living center. A few years later, as her disease grew worse, she was put into a nursing home. She was in the nursing home for a few more years, until she finally died in January 2007, in the middle of my second year as a missionary in China.

Testing for Huntington’s Disease

When my mother was first diagnosed with HD, our dad told my siblings and me that we had a 50% chance of contracting the disease. It’s genetic. Knowing this, I planned to get tested when marriage was on the horizon. So, when I was engaged in 2008, I thought that before Lynne and I got married, I should get tested for HD, so that she would know everything before we made our vows. We drove with my dad to Wichita to get tested. I got the results about a month later.

Before the man who showed me the results opened the envelope, I prayed aloud from Job 1:21, “The Lord gave, and the Lord has taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord.” I prayed that even if I were to be tested positive for the disease, I may still be able to praise the Lord for his goodness and wisdom. We opened the envelope. Positive.

I had dreaded that day for many years. I had always assumed that I had HD, trying to lessen the potential blow if I did test positive. But really l had hoped deep down that I wouldn’t. When we saw the results, Lynne and I wept together and prayed in tears.

My Prayer

After receiving the diagnosis in 2009, I prayed for joy. I prayed that I would not just be able to deal with having the disease, but that I may be able to rejoice in the disease. I prayed for more trust in this part of God’s plan for me. Since then, I have seen God use these trials to build my faith. He desired to show the power of the gospel in my life, that through my disease somehow his name may receive glory and honor.

Fear is still a consistent temptation. My condition could begin to affect me more any time. The symptoms showed up for my mom in her mid-30s. Now I am in my mid-30s. God’s veiled purpose behind all of the uncertainty and waiting feels unbearable at times. Paul writes, “We were so utterly burdened beyond our strength . . . to make us rely not on ourselves but on God who raises the dead” (2 Corinthians 1:8–9).

HD took my mother, and it may take me, but it cannot take my hope. Because of my disease, I now constantly cry out to the Lord for mercy. I literally cannot rely on my own strength to survive. If we hope to escape the constant despair and debilitating fear that often comes with incurable disease — or whatever unique fears you face — we must rely on the Lord to carry us through and strengthen us, one day at a time.

Who Will Reach Those in Harder Places?

Scattering the Theologically Trained

When I got my MDiv at Southern Seminary, one of my missions professors said, “80% of seminary graduates will minister at a church within 100 miles of where their wife’s parents live.” The professor’s point was that many seminary graduates take living in close proximity to their wives’ parents to be a huge factor for where they will live and serve the Lord long-term. The professor had been teaching at the seminary for over ten years, and had seen hundreds of his students follow this pattern.

Similarly, I have noticed that many people who graduate from Bible school or seminary will stay near where they studied after they graduate. Many who graduate from Southern Seminary in Louisville may stay around Louisville after they graduate. Or many who graduate from Moody, Wheaton, or TEDS will stay around the Chicago area long-term after they graduate. Certainly these places around Chicago or around Louisville need pastors and ministry leaders. But it seems that, as there are so many people who go to these schools, most of them should be scattered around the country and the globe to less reached areas after they graduate, with just a few staying in the area of the schools. This is better than the current phenomenon of most of them staying in the area, and few of them going to less reached areas around the country or world.

The problem is that, if so many seminary graduates end up close to where their wives’ parents live or close to where they went to school, there will be few seminary or Bible college graduates ministering in more unreached areas. If a seminary or Bible college grad wants to work in a church or plant a church in the U.S., why not do that in a less reached area, like a place like Maine in NE America or Oregon in NW America? When most of the Bible school or seminary-trained graduates end up staying around the seminaries, or other places in the South or in the Bible Belt, then there is no spreading out of the theologically educated. It seems better to spread some of that theological influence from seminaries, and scatter that training and influence across the nation and across the globe, rather than having just a few areas of the U.S. benefit from the many strong seminaries and Bible colleges in the U.S., and the thousands of students who graduate from them annually.

Serving in Harder Places Globally

Certainly not all of us are called by God to serve overseas. But for those of us who are called overseas, we can consider ministering in harder places overseas. When I first moved to China, I realized there were lots of missionaries in the eastern and southern parts of China. So after a few years in eastern China, I felt the Lord calling me to go to northwest China, where there were fewer missionaries. And in NW China, there are fewer local Christians and less-equipped local pastors than in most other areas of China. But, that being said, I still realize that there are many countries in the world [i.e. Yemen, Syria, North Korea, Afghanistan] that are significantly harder to minister in than anywhere in China. And definitely there need to be more missionaries from all over the globe going to these least reached places of the world.

And, at present, most of the least reached areas of the world are Muslim countries that are antagonistic towards Christians and the gospel. According to a survey from 2009, about 80% of foreign missionaries were serving in reached areas, while a small minority of foreign missionaries were in less reached areas.[1] And less than 1/5 of missionaries are serving in the most needy places: among the 1.8 billion Muslims around the world, who are the heart of the unreached 10/40 Window. Missionaries need to consider going to those Muslim lands where there are very few, if any, known believers in that area. And many such places may have few people, if any, going to those places to bring the gospel of hope.

Challenges of Ministering in Harder Places:

There is some risk involved with ministering in harder places. Usually, in such parts of our nation or of the world, there is great spiritual darkness. This means that the Enemy has significant spiritual strongholds in these parts of the world, like in Boston or Islamabad. Ministering in a darker place means more attacks from the Enemy. It could also mean being in a place where the locals do not want you to be. Such areas of the globe may strongly forbid Christian missions activity of any kind. And even in the U.S., where there is freedom of religion, in ministering in harder places we can be hated by the people around us because we are Christians. Ministering in a spiritually darker place of the world is not an easy thing. It could mean being separated from our closest friends and family back home. It could mean having periods of feeling extremely isolated and lonely.


The question to ponder is: Who will reach those in harder places? There are many hundreds of millions of lost people in unreached areas around the U.S., and around the world. They hate Jesus or have never heard of Jesus. As long as most of us Christians are clumped together in certain areas of the country and the world, these people will remain unreached and having never had a legitimate witness around them to present our Savior to them. Who will help reach them, if not us?

The call to ministering in harder places is not just for full-time pastors or missionaries. All Christians can be strategic about where they live and work. It is possible to move to a spiritually needy area of the country or world to work as an engineer or to do business. You can be actively involved with a church there and minister to people through your work and lives.

Consider Paul’s words: “Offer your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and pleasing to God – this is your spiritual act of worship” (Rom. 12:1). All Christians are called to lay our lives before the Lord, and ask: What do you want me to do for your kingdom? And, considering how we’ve handed our lives to the Lord to do with them totally what He desires: Where do you want me to go?


[1] Atlas of Global Christianity, 2009

Non-Western Missions & Chinese Missions

I’m praying for the Chinese missionary sending efforts. As I study more about ‘Majority World Missions’, I see that it is not necessarily those majority world countries who have the most Christians who send the most missionaries. Some top-sending majority world countries the last 40-50 years have been 1. Korea 2. Brazil 3. India 4. Nigeria 5. COMIBAM (in S. America).

There are many factors involved about which countries will flourish long-term in sending missionaries. The Korean church has succeeded the most the last 30 years in sending many missionaries, to all areas of the world, and who will stay on the field for decades, and learn the ways of the locals. Some of the other majority world missions movements have simply sent many people out, but they’ve returned home quickly without any fruit. A couple factors that boosted the Korean church sending were: 1. huge church growth in the 60s & 70s; 2. large economic growth; 3. Korea having good diplomatic relations with most countries around the world.

Where will the Chinese missions effort fall on the spectrum? At this point, very hard to say. But praying that the Spirit may be strengthening the efforts, in the candidate selection, the structures of the organizations, the finances, the shepherding of the missionaries, the effectiveness on the field reaching locals.


*** NOTE *** other terms for ‘majority world missions’ include ‘Non-Western Missions’, ‘Third World Missions’, ‘Emerging Missions’, and ‘Two-Thirds World Missions’

My Article Today on China Source

Today I had an article on the website China Source.

Here’s the link:

Or you can read below:

In the “Teaching across Cultures” class I took last month with Dr. Craig Ott, he had us read The Geography of Thought: How Asians and Westerners Think Differently . . . and Why by Richard Nisbett. The crux of the book’s argument is that Westerners and Asians think differently because of their different ancient roots. Westerners are highly influenced by the ancient Greek mindset, which is to make laws and formations for everything around them. Whereas, Asians are most influenced by the ideas of Confucius, which do not put so much emphasis on making laws or explaining everything with rules.

Within the realm of theology, Western theologians always need to have air-tight explanations and arguments to explain everything from the Bible. Whereas, most non-Westerners (Asians, Africans, Middle Easterners, Hispanics) are not as concerned about making air-tight theological laws, but are able to accept the mysterious and paradoxical parts of the Bible (i.e. Calvinism vs. free will).

Pondering these factors interests me greatly. I think of my best Chinese-pastor friend who leads a small house church in northwest China. He knows all parts of the Bible incredibly well, as well as any Chinese person I know. However, he has never been interested in discussing the more debated theological topics that Westerners normally discuss. Those debates just are not important to him.

In my Bible-related conversations with him, we talk about things he has recently preached on. We talk about things I have been learning from the Bible. We talk about stories from the Bible. But for him, a book of “Systematic Theology,” where the information is organized in a list of common themes in the Bible, would be of little or no concern. This style of studying the Bible is targeted more towards a Western mindset, than a Chinese mindset. My Chinese friend would be much more interested in studying things that relate to his ministry. He has been encouraged much by the Chinese translation of the missions book Perspectives. It seems to me that overall his understanding of the Bible comes from reading the Bible itself, rather than reading books about the Bible.

First Moments at Southern Seminary 2013

Originally in my August 14th, 2013 Journal

First moments at Southern Seminary [where we stayed for a year & I got my MDiv]

Now we’re in our new apartment (Springdale Apartment, #623) at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary (SBTS) in Louisville, KY. We drove all day yesterday (14.5 hrs) to get here. Getting out of OKC it was pouring rain, but after that we had mostly clear weather. We got here at 9:30 pm EST. We got our key & met our good friend from China, who was waiting for us with all the furniture he’d gathered for us in the U-Haul. He & I moved the furniture (bed, kitchen, table, sofa, leather chair) into our 2nd floor apartment. We finished around 11 pm local time. It was an exhausting day, but the Lord carried us through it. We’re excited to be in our new home.

Prayer for Central Asia

This morning I spent some time praying for Central Asia, though I’ve never been there. But our region in NW China does border many countries in Central Asia.

I’m praying for the Muslim world, and particularly for those in Central Asia. There are many people in this region, most of whom have no Christian witness around them. The people have varying levels of religious zeal for Islam. There’d be many following folk Islam. And some of these countries [i.e. Afghanistan, Pakistan] are quite unstable. Some of the areas are isolated and in mountain ranges 15,000-25,000 feet high. So it can be a hard region for missionaries or outsiders to penetrate into, much less to witness to people on the ground in their own local language.

I pray for the Lord to move in huge ways in these areas. I pray there may be many missionaries sent to these areas, & that the Lord may sustain them and use them and the Holy Spirit to convict the hearts of many locals and turn them to the Lord. And I pray that local churches may thrive and grow, not only numerically but also in depth of knowledge and obedience to God.

“Now to him who is able to do immeasurably more than all we ask or imagine, according to his power that is at work within us, to him be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus throughout all generations, for ever and ever!” (Eph. 3:20,21)

Birth of New Missions Organization in NW China

Originally in my July 6th, 2011 Journal

Birth of new missions organization in NW China

Our two families were in prayer together. We looked at the big China map on the wall. We put paper (yellow, blue, & red) on the cities [our organization] wants to focus on: 1) Yellow [Shaanxi (Xi’an, Weinan, Hanzhong, Ankang, Baoji)],; 2) Blue [Gansu (LinXia, Lanzhou, Tianshui, Zhangye, Dunhuang, PingLiang, Wuwei, JiuQuan, JaiYuGuan)]; 3) Red [Other NW China Cities (Xining, Yinchuan, Turpan, Urumqi, Aksu, Hotan, Korla, Kashgar)].

We prayed for these specific regions & cities & for the Lord to prepare the way for us to send Workers there.